Anderung der körperlichen Leistungsfähigkeit durch ein vierwöchiges kardiales Rehabilitationsprogramm der Phase II

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During a 4-week ambulatory cardiac rehabilitation program, 262 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), 235 men and 27 women, 53.6 +/- 10.2 years, performed 30.5 +/- 2.9 exercise units. Before and after the rehabilitation program exercise, capacity was assessed by bicycle ergometry. There was a significant (p < 0.001) increase in the maximum exercise capacity at the end of the program (105.3 +/- 32.3 vs. 121.9 +/- 37.3 W). Physical work capacity on the 2.0 mmol lactate level improved (p < 0.001) from 72.2 +/- 23.5 to 86.4 +/- 25.8 W, on the 2.5 mmol/l level (p < 0.001) from 83.5 +/- 23.2 to 97.4 +/- 26.4 W, and on the 3.0 mmol/l level (p < 0.001) from 93.1 +/- 23.0 to 106.6 +/- 26.1 W. Despite enhanced performance, heart rate remained unaltered on the 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 mmol/l lactate level. Furthermore, ergometric performance on predefined heart rate levels was significantly (p < 0.001) increased: 85/min: from 56.0 +/- 24.1 to 65.8 +/- 24.5 W, 90/min: from 62.0 +/- 27.3 to 71.2 +/- 26 W; 95/min: from 67.2 +/- 26.4 to 77.5 +/- 27.6 W; 100/min: from 71.1 +/- 29.6 to 80.6 +/- 28.1 W; 105/min: from 69.8 +/- 26.2 to 81.9 +/- 28.2 W and 110/min: from 73.6 +/- 28.9 to 90.4 +/- 29.4 W. The results demonstrate that physical performance in patients with CAD was improved by our novel ambulatory cardiac rehabilitation program. This improvement included an increase in maximum as well as endurance work capacity; furthermore, this increase was accompanied by a decrease in resting and exercise heart rates. The results demonstrate an absolute increase of physical performance, more importantly an increase of physical performance at defined lactate levels in the presence of unchanged heart rates mediated by the rehabilitation program. Thus, this increase was independent of motivational factors in the patients and/or the investigators during the re-exercise test. On the contrary, our data demonstrate that it is based on an improvement of aerobic endurance capacity associated with a therapeutically beneficial significant decrease of heart rate for a defined workload. The effects were independent of pharmacological influences (e.g., beta-receptor antagonists). These findings are of clinical importance with respect to reduction of myocardial oxygen consumption in patients with CAD.

Translated title of the contributionImprovement of physical performance and aerobic capacity mediated by a novel 4--week ambulatory cardiac rehabilitation program
Original languageGerman
JournalZeitschrift für Kardiologie
Volume88
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)113-122
Number of pages10
ISSN0300-5860
Publication statusPublished - 01.02.1999

ID: 155110

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