Assessing thigh muscle balance of male athletes with special emphasis on eccentric hamstring strength

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Background: Hamstring strength is important to prevent thigh muscle and knee injuries. Different antagonist-agonist relationships of thigh muscle strength are applied to estimate the injury risk e.g. the intersection point of eccentric hamstring (Hecc) and concentric quadriceps (Qcon) moment-knee flexion angle curves (dynamic control ratio at the equilibrium point = DCRe) and the dynamic control ratio (DCR = Hecc:Qcon).
Objective: The aim was to quantify the relationships between DCR, DCRe moments and angles as well as their correlations with peak moments and contractional work of eccentric hamstring and concentric quadriceps exercise.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included data from 238 healthy male participants of different sports. They conducted unilateral isokinetic tests obtained at 30°/s and 150°/s for the hamstrings (prone) and the quadriceps (supine).
Results: Correlations between DCR and DCRe moments were significant, but weak to moderate in strength (R230°/s = 20%, R2150°/s = 26%). In contrast to DCR (25% ≤ R2 ≤ 46%), DCRe moments (80% ≤ R2 ≤ 86%) showed very strong relations with peak moments and contractional work of eccentric hamstring exercise.
Discussion: DCR and DCRe assess thigh balance by using the same isokinetic raw data. However, weak relations became apparent. DCRe moments were stronger related to eccentric hamstring strength and work than DCR. Therefore, the DCRe moment may serve as meaningful measure of thigh muscle balance because increased eccentric hamstring strength promotes dynamic joint stability and mini- mizes injury risk
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Physician and sportsmedicine
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 01.01.2020

ID: 5103856

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