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in addition to the importance of health for each individual, the relevance of healthy employees for companies is increasing. Especially in the industrialized nations, where full employment, shortage of skilled workers and a higher retirement age are topics, employee health and an individual’s associated ability to work have become important. The state, social security institutions and companies are increas- ingly interested in making workplaces and working conditions health-promoting. In this context, work- place health promotion (WHP) forms the framework for the existing health-promoting interventions found in numerous workplace settings. In this setting, the work break can be regarded as a suitable interven- tion, but its design can be diverse.
In the context of this dissertation, three research papers were published that provided infor- mation on optimally designing WHP interventions, especially work breaks. The first study examined the question of the content of a break intervention that had the most positive effect. The results show that the individual effects did not allow generally valid statements but only showed tendencies. From these results, the further question of a suitable combination of methods was developed. This question was addressed in the second publication, in which the theoretical and methodological constructs of existing
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experimental studies were examined and categorized. It was found that the diverse use of methods and the lack of recognised theoretical models for work break research have made it difficult to compare the existing studies. The third publication broadened the view to the whole variety of WHP interventions, with the question concerning which of the interventions was particularly effective. The evidence on WHP interventions is comparable to that on work breaks. The direct effect of individual interventions can only be observed as a tendency. Although individual studies could show positive effects for certain interven- tions, reviews could not confirm the results of the individual studies as evidence-based recommenda- tions. Multi-causal effects and participation rates have been largely ignored in research to date, but they could offer promising starting points for optimising WHP.
Even if health is individual and a diverse use of methods tries to take this into account, stand- ardisation on the theoretical and methodological level could contribute to a stronger evidence building in the future. Due to the individuality of health, a targeted sensibilization and a related diverse range of WHP interventions is a good basis for successful health promotion at the workplace level until more concrete interventions for specific strain situations can be provided and contribute to the long-term preservation of the ability to work.
Original languageGerman
Place of PublicationKöln
PublisherDeutsche Sporthochschule Köln
Number of pages42
Publication statusPublished - 2020

ID: 5371220

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