Changes in cerebral oxygenation during parabolic flight

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Changes in cerebral oxygenation during parabolic flight. / Schneider, Stefan; Abeln, Vera; Askew, Christopher D; Vogt, Tobias; Hoffmann, Uwe; Denise, Pierre; Strüder, Heiko Klaus.

In: European journal of applied physiology, Vol. 113, No. 6, 01.06.2013, p. 1617-1623.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

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@article{11262350d2444053a36b1dad4052645b,
title = "Changes in cerebral oxygenation during parabolic flight",
abstract = "Assessing changes in brain activity under extreme conditions like weightlessness is a desirable, but difficult undertaking. Results from previous studies report specific changes in brain activity connected to an increase or decrease in gravity forces. Nevertheless, so far it remains unclear (1) whether this is connected to a redistribution of blood volume during micro- or hypergravity and (2) whether this redistribution might account for neurocognitive alterations. This study aimed to display changes in brain oxygenation caused by altered gravity conditions during parabolic flight. It was hypothesized that an increase in gravity would be accompanied by a decrease in brain oxygenation, whereas microgravity would lead to an increase in brain oxygenation. Oxygenized and deoxygenized haemoglobin were measured using two near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) probes on the left and right prefrontal cortex throughout ten parabolas in nine subjects. Results show a decrease of 1.44 μmol/l in oxygenized haemoglobin with the onset of hypergravity, followed by a considerable increase during microgravity (up to 5.34 μmol/l). In contrast, deoxygenized haemoglobin was not altered during the first but only during the second hypergravity phase and showed only minor changes during microgravity. Changes in oxygenized and deoxygenized haemoglobin indicate an increase in arterial flow to the brain and a decrease in venous outflow during microgravity.",
keywords = "Adult, Case-Control Studies, Female, Gravitation, Humans, Male, Oxygen, Oxyhemoglobins, Prefrontal Cortex, Weightlessness Simulation",
author = "Stefan Schneider and Vera Abeln and Askew, {Christopher D} and Tobias Vogt and Uwe Hoffmann and Pierre Denise and Str{\"u}der, {Heiko Klaus}",
year = "2013",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00421-013-2588-9",
language = "English",
volume = "113",
pages = "1617--1623",
journal = "European journal of applied physiology",
issn = "1439-6319",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in cerebral oxygenation during parabolic flight

AU - Schneider, Stefan

AU - Abeln, Vera

AU - Askew, Christopher D

AU - Vogt, Tobias

AU - Hoffmann, Uwe

AU - Denise, Pierre

AU - Strüder, Heiko Klaus

PY - 2013/6/1

Y1 - 2013/6/1

N2 - Assessing changes in brain activity under extreme conditions like weightlessness is a desirable, but difficult undertaking. Results from previous studies report specific changes in brain activity connected to an increase or decrease in gravity forces. Nevertheless, so far it remains unclear (1) whether this is connected to a redistribution of blood volume during micro- or hypergravity and (2) whether this redistribution might account for neurocognitive alterations. This study aimed to display changes in brain oxygenation caused by altered gravity conditions during parabolic flight. It was hypothesized that an increase in gravity would be accompanied by a decrease in brain oxygenation, whereas microgravity would lead to an increase in brain oxygenation. Oxygenized and deoxygenized haemoglobin were measured using two near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) probes on the left and right prefrontal cortex throughout ten parabolas in nine subjects. Results show a decrease of 1.44 μmol/l in oxygenized haemoglobin with the onset of hypergravity, followed by a considerable increase during microgravity (up to 5.34 μmol/l). In contrast, deoxygenized haemoglobin was not altered during the first but only during the second hypergravity phase and showed only minor changes during microgravity. Changes in oxygenized and deoxygenized haemoglobin indicate an increase in arterial flow to the brain and a decrease in venous outflow during microgravity.

AB - Assessing changes in brain activity under extreme conditions like weightlessness is a desirable, but difficult undertaking. Results from previous studies report specific changes in brain activity connected to an increase or decrease in gravity forces. Nevertheless, so far it remains unclear (1) whether this is connected to a redistribution of blood volume during micro- or hypergravity and (2) whether this redistribution might account for neurocognitive alterations. This study aimed to display changes in brain oxygenation caused by altered gravity conditions during parabolic flight. It was hypothesized that an increase in gravity would be accompanied by a decrease in brain oxygenation, whereas microgravity would lead to an increase in brain oxygenation. Oxygenized and deoxygenized haemoglobin were measured using two near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) probes on the left and right prefrontal cortex throughout ten parabolas in nine subjects. Results show a decrease of 1.44 μmol/l in oxygenized haemoglobin with the onset of hypergravity, followed by a considerable increase during microgravity (up to 5.34 μmol/l). In contrast, deoxygenized haemoglobin was not altered during the first but only during the second hypergravity phase and showed only minor changes during microgravity. Changes in oxygenized and deoxygenized haemoglobin indicate an increase in arterial flow to the brain and a decrease in venous outflow during microgravity.

KW - Adult

KW - Case-Control Studies

KW - Female

KW - Gravitation

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Oxygen

KW - Oxyhemoglobins

KW - Prefrontal Cortex

KW - Weightlessness Simulation

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-013-2588-9

DO - 10.1007/s00421-013-2588-9

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 23334389

VL - 113

SP - 1617

EP - 1623

JO - European journal of applied physiology

JF - European journal of applied physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 33631