Distraction versus intensity: The importance of non-major subjects on academic performance in school

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INTRODUCTION
Non-major subjects in primary schools, such as arts, music and/or sport are regarded to be important not only for a wider general education but also to support concentrativeness and receptivity. The aim of this study was to compare the influence of a class of aerobic exercise and an art class on brain cortical activity and possible effects on cognitive performance.
METHODS
Electro cortical activity using electroencephalography of sixteen school children (8-10 years) was recorded before and after (1) an aerobic exercise class and (2) an art class. Performance in a standardized assessment of educational attainment (VERA-3) was assessed following both classes.
RESULTS
A significant decrease of cortical activity was measurable in all four lobes after exercise but not art classes. No changes in cognitive performance were obtained.
DISCUSSION
We propose that non-major subjects play a major role in school education and are of major relevance to increase pupils concentrativeness and receptivity. Although a straightforward effect on cognitive performance could not be shown in this study, the neurophysiological effect of exercise should be further evaluated with respect to different kinds of cognitive performance (e.g. creativity, knowledge acquisition) as well as its outlasting effects.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Database of Sport Science EDSS : 23rd Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science
EditorsMarie Murphy, Colin Boreham, Giuseppe de Vito, Elias Tsolakidis
Number of pages1
PublisherEuropean College of Sport Science
Publication date05.07.2018
Pages253
ISBN (Print)978-3-9818414-1-1
Publication statusPublished - 05.07.2018
EventEuropean College of Sports Science- sport science at the cutting edge - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 04.07.201807.07.2018
Conference number: 23

ID: 3472862

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