Does working memory capacity predict cross-modally induced failures of awareness?

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Does working memory capacity predict cross-modally induced failures of awareness? / Kreitz, Carina; Furley, Philip; Simons, Daniel J.; Memmert, Daniel.

In: Consciousness and cognition, Vol. 39, 2016, p. 18-27.

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@article{a3eba845031a4aa3ae9d303e14a35b72,
title = "Does working memory capacity predict cross-modally induced failures of awareness?",
abstract = "People often fail to notice unexpected stimuli when they are focusing attention on another task. Most studies of this phenomenon address visual failures induced by visual attention tasks (inattentional blindness). Yet, such failures also occur within audition (inattentional deafness), and people can even miss unexpected events in one sensory modality when focusing attention on tasks in another modality. Such cross-modal failures are revealing because they suggest the existence of a common, central resource limitation. And, such central limits might be predicted from individual differences in cognitive capacity. We replicated earlier evidence, establishing substantial rates of inattentional deafness during a visual task and inattentional blindness during an auditory task. However, neither individual working memory capacity nor the ability to perform the primary task predicted noticing in either modality. Thus, individual differences in cognitive capacity did not predict failures of awareness even though the failures presumably resulted from central resource limitations.",
author = "Carina Kreitz and Philip Furley and Simons, {Daniel J.} and Daniel Memmert",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.concog.2015.11.010",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "18--27",
journal = "Consciousness and cognition : an international journal",
issn = "1053-8100",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does working memory capacity predict cross-modally induced failures of awareness?

AU - Kreitz, Carina

AU - Furley, Philip

AU - Simons, Daniel J.

AU - Memmert, Daniel

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - People often fail to notice unexpected stimuli when they are focusing attention on another task. Most studies of this phenomenon address visual failures induced by visual attention tasks (inattentional blindness). Yet, such failures also occur within audition (inattentional deafness), and people can even miss unexpected events in one sensory modality when focusing attention on tasks in another modality. Such cross-modal failures are revealing because they suggest the existence of a common, central resource limitation. And, such central limits might be predicted from individual differences in cognitive capacity. We replicated earlier evidence, establishing substantial rates of inattentional deafness during a visual task and inattentional blindness during an auditory task. However, neither individual working memory capacity nor the ability to perform the primary task predicted noticing in either modality. Thus, individual differences in cognitive capacity did not predict failures of awareness even though the failures presumably resulted from central resource limitations.

AB - People often fail to notice unexpected stimuli when they are focusing attention on another task. Most studies of this phenomenon address visual failures induced by visual attention tasks (inattentional blindness). Yet, such failures also occur within audition (inattentional deafness), and people can even miss unexpected events in one sensory modality when focusing attention on tasks in another modality. Such cross-modal failures are revealing because they suggest the existence of a common, central resource limitation. And, such central limits might be predicted from individual differences in cognitive capacity. We replicated earlier evidence, establishing substantial rates of inattentional deafness during a visual task and inattentional blindness during an auditory task. However, neither individual working memory capacity nor the ability to perform the primary task predicted noticing in either modality. Thus, individual differences in cognitive capacity did not predict failures of awareness even though the failures presumably resulted from central resource limitations.

U2 - 10.1016/j.concog.2015.11.010

DO - 10.1016/j.concog.2015.11.010

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 39

SP - 18

EP - 27

JO - Consciousness and cognition : an international journal

JF - Consciousness and cognition : an international journal

SN - 1053-8100

ER -

ID: 1366762