Effectiveness Studies in Health Promotion: A Review of the Methodological Quality of Studies Reporting Significant Effects on Physical Activity in Working Age Adults

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@article{7d40c13150f34a398d525384fe70d372,
title = "Effectiveness Studies in Health Promotion: A Review of the Methodological Quality of Studies Reporting Significant Effects on Physical Activity in Working Age Adults",
abstract = "The methodology of intervention studies on physical activity (PA) promotion is of great importance regarding evidence development in complex interventions. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the methodological quality of those studies which reported statistically significant effects of interventions promoting PA. PUBMED was searched for reviews on PA promotion to identify studies reporting effective interventions with participants of working age (16–67 years). Selected reviews were screened and data from primary studies with effective interventions were extracted to assess methodological quality. Forty-six reviews with 600 primary studies were identified, of which 33 met the inclusion criteria. Twenty-one studies were conducted as randomized controlled trials, 13 included an intervention control group, 25 measured PA by questionnaire, and 13 included objective measurements. Information on used statistics was often scarce, and long-term follow-up measurements were frequently missing. The overall methodological quality was moderate for randomized studies and low for non-randomized studies; information on methods and results was often lacking. To overcome these methodological issues, standardized guidelines for reporting study results should be considered, not only when publishing results but also when designing studies. This review provides a solid foundation for the development of practical advice for planning application-oriented studies in PA promotion.",
keywords = "Assessment, Evidence development, Methodology, Physical activity promotion, Reporting guidelines, Study design, Adolescent, Adult, Exercise, Health Promotion/organization & administration, Humans, Middle Aged, Program Evaluation, Publishing, Research Design, Young Adult",
author = "Kevin Rudolf and Dejonghe, {Lea A. L.} and Ingo Frob{\"o}se and Florian Lammer and Lisa-Marie R{\"u}ckel and Jessica Tetz and Andrea Schaller",
year = "2019",
month = mar,
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph16050813",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1660-4601",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effectiveness Studies in Health Promotion

T2 - A Review of the Methodological Quality of Studies Reporting Significant Effects on Physical Activity in Working Age Adults

AU - Rudolf, Kevin

AU - Dejonghe, Lea A. L.

AU - Froböse, Ingo

AU - Lammer, Florian

AU - Rückel, Lisa-Marie

AU - Tetz, Jessica

AU - Schaller, Andrea

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - The methodology of intervention studies on physical activity (PA) promotion is of great importance regarding evidence development in complex interventions. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the methodological quality of those studies which reported statistically significant effects of interventions promoting PA. PUBMED was searched for reviews on PA promotion to identify studies reporting effective interventions with participants of working age (16–67 years). Selected reviews were screened and data from primary studies with effective interventions were extracted to assess methodological quality. Forty-six reviews with 600 primary studies were identified, of which 33 met the inclusion criteria. Twenty-one studies were conducted as randomized controlled trials, 13 included an intervention control group, 25 measured PA by questionnaire, and 13 included objective measurements. Information on used statistics was often scarce, and long-term follow-up measurements were frequently missing. The overall methodological quality was moderate for randomized studies and low for non-randomized studies; information on methods and results was often lacking. To overcome these methodological issues, standardized guidelines for reporting study results should be considered, not only when publishing results but also when designing studies. This review provides a solid foundation for the development of practical advice for planning application-oriented studies in PA promotion.

AB - The methodology of intervention studies on physical activity (PA) promotion is of great importance regarding evidence development in complex interventions. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the methodological quality of those studies which reported statistically significant effects of interventions promoting PA. PUBMED was searched for reviews on PA promotion to identify studies reporting effective interventions with participants of working age (16–67 years). Selected reviews were screened and data from primary studies with effective interventions were extracted to assess methodological quality. Forty-six reviews with 600 primary studies were identified, of which 33 met the inclusion criteria. Twenty-one studies were conducted as randomized controlled trials, 13 included an intervention control group, 25 measured PA by questionnaire, and 13 included objective measurements. Information on used statistics was often scarce, and long-term follow-up measurements were frequently missing. The overall methodological quality was moderate for randomized studies and low for non-randomized studies; information on methods and results was often lacking. To overcome these methodological issues, standardized guidelines for reporting study results should be considered, not only when publishing results but also when designing studies. This review provides a solid foundation for the development of practical advice for planning application-oriented studies in PA promotion.

KW - Assessment

KW - Evidence development

KW - Methodology

KW - Physical activity promotion

KW - Reporting guidelines

KW - Study design

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Exercise

KW - Health Promotion/organization & administration

KW - Humans

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Program Evaluation

KW - Publishing

KW - Research Design

KW - Young Adult

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/fbbf3a5b-2255-3999-aca8-e36819d82627/

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph16050813

DO - 10.3390/ijerph16050813

M3 - Scientific review articles

C2 - 30845673

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1660-4601

IS - 5

M1 - 813

ER -

ID: 3632519