Energy expenditure in ball games for wheelchair users

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Energy expenditure in ball games for wheelchair users. / Abel, Thomas; Platen, P; Rojas Vega, Sandra; Schneider, Stefan; Strüder, Heiko Klaus.

In: Spinal cord, Vol. 46, No. 12, 01.12.2008, p. 785-790.

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@article{294b846fc5bc45cea01fd599287153bc,
title = "Energy expenditure in ball games for wheelchair users",
abstract = "PURPOSE: Wheelchair sports have become popular in Germany. This is important because of the difficulty experienced by wheelchair-dependent people in maintaining cardiovascular health and fitness by daily activities. Increasing energy expenditure (EE; kcal h(-1)) is one of the most effective ways of decreasing risk of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the EE of individuals with spinal cord injury in ball games for wheelchair-dependent persons.METHODS: Fourteen tennis players (WT), 10 basketball players (WB) and 12 rugby players (WR) completed a basal metabolism evaluation and a training test to measure respiratory parameters.RESULTS: In the basal metabolism test EE in WT was 66.8+/-12.8 kcal h(-1), in WB 62.7+/-15.0 kcal h(-1) and in WR 63.5+/-12.9 kcal h(-1). During training EE in WT was 325.8+/-73.0 kcal h(-1), in WB 374.8+/-127.1 kcal h(-1) and in WR 248.5+/-69.4 kcal h(-1). The average EE of the whole group was: 316.4+/-89.6 kcal h(-1) with a corresponding heart rate of 118.5+/-23.1 b.p.m. and a lactate concentration of 2.09+/-0.7 mmol l(-1). Statistical analysis showed significantly lower values of EE, heart rate and oxygen uptake for the WR group in comparison to the other groups.CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the additional leisure time EE of persons participating in WB and WT is sufficient to maintain fitness. This level of EE is comparable to the recommendations of the ACSM for able-bodied persons, and therefore might be sufficient to prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases.",
keywords = "Adult, Athletic Performance, Basal Metabolism, Breathing Exercises, Cardiovascular Diseases, Energy Metabolism, Exercise, Exercise Therapy, Exercise Tolerance, Heart Rate, Humans, Lactic Acid, Male, Paralysis, Physical Fitness, Respiratory Physiological Phenomena, Spinal Cord Injuries, Sports, Treatment Outcome, Wheelchairs",
author = "Thomas Abel and P Platen and {Rojas Vega}, Sandra and Stefan Schneider and Str{\"u}der, {Heiko Klaus}",
year = "2008",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/sc.2008.54",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "785--790",
journal = "Spinal cord",
issn = "1362-4393",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy expenditure in ball games for wheelchair users

AU - Abel, Thomas

AU - Platen, P

AU - Rojas Vega, Sandra

AU - Schneider, Stefan

AU - Strüder, Heiko Klaus

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - PURPOSE: Wheelchair sports have become popular in Germany. This is important because of the difficulty experienced by wheelchair-dependent people in maintaining cardiovascular health and fitness by daily activities. Increasing energy expenditure (EE; kcal h(-1)) is one of the most effective ways of decreasing risk of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the EE of individuals with spinal cord injury in ball games for wheelchair-dependent persons.METHODS: Fourteen tennis players (WT), 10 basketball players (WB) and 12 rugby players (WR) completed a basal metabolism evaluation and a training test to measure respiratory parameters.RESULTS: In the basal metabolism test EE in WT was 66.8+/-12.8 kcal h(-1), in WB 62.7+/-15.0 kcal h(-1) and in WR 63.5+/-12.9 kcal h(-1). During training EE in WT was 325.8+/-73.0 kcal h(-1), in WB 374.8+/-127.1 kcal h(-1) and in WR 248.5+/-69.4 kcal h(-1). The average EE of the whole group was: 316.4+/-89.6 kcal h(-1) with a corresponding heart rate of 118.5+/-23.1 b.p.m. and a lactate concentration of 2.09+/-0.7 mmol l(-1). Statistical analysis showed significantly lower values of EE, heart rate and oxygen uptake for the WR group in comparison to the other groups.CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the additional leisure time EE of persons participating in WB and WT is sufficient to maintain fitness. This level of EE is comparable to the recommendations of the ACSM for able-bodied persons, and therefore might be sufficient to prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases.

AB - PURPOSE: Wheelchair sports have become popular in Germany. This is important because of the difficulty experienced by wheelchair-dependent people in maintaining cardiovascular health and fitness by daily activities. Increasing energy expenditure (EE; kcal h(-1)) is one of the most effective ways of decreasing risk of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the EE of individuals with spinal cord injury in ball games for wheelchair-dependent persons.METHODS: Fourteen tennis players (WT), 10 basketball players (WB) and 12 rugby players (WR) completed a basal metabolism evaluation and a training test to measure respiratory parameters.RESULTS: In the basal metabolism test EE in WT was 66.8+/-12.8 kcal h(-1), in WB 62.7+/-15.0 kcal h(-1) and in WR 63.5+/-12.9 kcal h(-1). During training EE in WT was 325.8+/-73.0 kcal h(-1), in WB 374.8+/-127.1 kcal h(-1) and in WR 248.5+/-69.4 kcal h(-1). The average EE of the whole group was: 316.4+/-89.6 kcal h(-1) with a corresponding heart rate of 118.5+/-23.1 b.p.m. and a lactate concentration of 2.09+/-0.7 mmol l(-1). Statistical analysis showed significantly lower values of EE, heart rate and oxygen uptake for the WR group in comparison to the other groups.CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the additional leisure time EE of persons participating in WB and WT is sufficient to maintain fitness. This level of EE is comparable to the recommendations of the ACSM for able-bodied persons, and therefore might be sufficient to prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases.

KW - Adult

KW - Athletic Performance

KW - Basal Metabolism

KW - Breathing Exercises

KW - Cardiovascular Diseases

KW - Energy Metabolism

KW - Exercise

KW - Exercise Therapy

KW - Exercise Tolerance

KW - Heart Rate

KW - Humans

KW - Lactic Acid

KW - Male

KW - Paralysis

KW - Physical Fitness

KW - Respiratory Physiological Phenomena

KW - Spinal Cord Injuries

KW - Sports

KW - Treatment Outcome

KW - Wheelchairs

U2 - 10.1038/sc.2008.54

DO - 10.1038/sc.2008.54

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 18521095

VL - 46

SP - 785

EP - 790

JO - Spinal cord

JF - Spinal cord

SN - 1362-4393

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 39345