Entwicklung, Implementierung und Evaluation eines motivationstheoretisch fundierten Interventionsprogramms zur Optimierung der Wettkampfstabilität im Tischtennishochleistungssport

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The main goal of this PhD project was the development and evaluation of a motivational theory-based intervention program, which should enable table tennis coaches, to systematically reduce blatant training competition discrepancies of their players. In order to find out whether the treatments used actually led to the intended behavioural modifications on the trainer and player side, the individual diagnostic interview and questionnaire system (IZUB) was used in addition to the BELT (observation sheet for recording trainer behaviour that promotes performance motivation): By comparing the data collected at the beginning with the initial interview (including the associated questionnaires) and after the intervention via final interview (dto.), it was possible to determine whether and to what extent changes had occurred during the approximately 11/2-year investigation period.
On the basis of the available findings, however, the effectiveness of the trainer training programme based on motivation theory cannot always be concluded (s. ch. 6.7.3.). Although most test trainers apply HE- promoting and less frequently FM-inducing measures in training after the course is completed (according to Framework-Hypothesis I) - which should actually also provide the basic prerequisites for a positive influence on structures of competition stability among their players (according to Framework-Hypothesis II). However, the findings of the hypothesis-based individual case analyses did not ultimately confirm this basic assumption: With one exception (s. ch. 6.7.2.9. - Pbd. J.O.) the (partially) modified trainer behaviour apparently had no generally positive influence in relation to the intended changes in the competition behaviour of the test players - on the contrary: In the majority of the test persons, the characteristics of relevant content areas of competition stability have not only not improved but tended to deteriorate (Chap. 6.7.3).
However, this was not a reason for resignation, but rather a stimulus for further (leading) reflections and interventions. The persistent course of the fears of failure and blockages in many "training world champions" gave rise to the obvious consideration of "transcending" the limited conceptual framework of an intervention programme based exclusively on motivation theory into a biopsychosocial one. In a multi- perspective approach, the handling of psychologically stressful competitive and performance situations was now seen context-dependent, career-related and multifactorially determined (Chap. 7) - especially since the following hypothesis can be derived from the "secondary" interpretations of the main empirical findings in the light of system-theoretically and depth-psychologically oriented approaches (Chap. 7.3): The persistent “failure of competition” / "burnout" is obviously favoured by a combination of overstraining stress situations, inappropriate personal goals and difficult (socio-cultural / organisational) framework conditions (no supporting environment / increasing time pressure / too little autonomy) (e.g. Kleiber / Enzmann 1990 and Esslinger-Hinz 2008).
Through the reflective "view on the whole" of competition stability and the targeted elaboration of the underlying factors and conditions of success for the practical implementation (according to which test trainers have to be accompanied much longer and "more supportive") in spite of the confirmation failure of the motivation-theoretically based trainer-training, the present re- / evaluation made a substantial contribution to the further development and testing of innovative approaches in trainer training and further training. However, a retrospective and critical overview of the main study and above all the supplementary study makes it clear that the limits of such innovation measures must also be reflected, for example by emphasising the dangers of excessive demands on trainers and scientific advisors.
Original languageGerman
Place of PublicationKöln
PublisherDeutsche Sporthochschule Köln
Number of pages944
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ID: 3308166

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