Evaluation of a sport-specific field test to determine maximal lactate accumulation rate and sprint performance parameters in running

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Objectives
The aim of this study was to examine the reliability of maximal lactate accumulation rate (V̇Lamax) and sprint performance parameters in running and assess different approaches to determine alactic time interval (talac).

Design
Sixteen competitive runners (female = 5; male = 11) performed three trials (T1, T2 and T3) of an all-out 100-m sprint test separated by 48 h.

Methods
Time to cover the 100 m was determined by using a photoelectric light-barrier (t100,LB) and a stop-watch (t100,SW). Throughout the sprints, velocity was measured using a laser velocity guard (LAVEG) to estimate maximal velocity (vmax) and power (Pmax). The talac was calculated as the time when power decreased by 3.5% (tpmax-3.5%) and interpolated based on the sprint time (tinter,LB and tinter,SW). Reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), typical error (TE) and smallest worthwhile change (SWC).

Results
After initial familiarisation, t100, tinter, vmax, Pmax and V̇Lamax attained excellent reliability (ICC ≥ 0.90), whereas tpmax−3.5% attained moderate reliability (ICC = 0.518). The reliability of V̇Lamax was higher when tinter,LB or tinter,SW were used (ICC = 0.960) compared to using tpmax−3.5% (ICC = 0.928). At T1, V̇Lamax was significantly higher when stop-watch measurements were used. There was no difference between tpmax−3.5% and the interpolated time intervals and the associated V̇Lamax-estimates.

Conclusions
In running, V̇Lamax and sprint performance parameters can easily and high-reliably be measured using this sport-specific field test. Interpolating talac results in similar and more reliable values of V̇Lamax. To improve the reliability and accuracy of the stop-watch estimate, a familiarisation should be performed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume23
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
ISSN1440-2440
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.2020

ID: 4585953

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