Fulfilled emotional outcome expectancies enable successful adoption and maintenance of physical activity.

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Fulfilled emotional outcome expectancies enable successful adoption and maintenance of physical activity. / Klusmann, Verena; Musculus, Lisa; Sproesser, Gudrun; Renner, Britta.

In: Frontiers in psychology, No. 6, 2015.

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@article{9edfbc430a9c44d292932c17363bb74b,
title = "Fulfilled emotional outcome expectancies enable successful adoption and maintenance of physical activity.",
abstract = "Although outcome expectancies are regarded as key determinants of health behavior change, studies on the role of their degree of fulfillment in long-term activity changes are lacking. This study investigated the impact of (un-)fulfilled outcome expectancies (OE) on (un-)successful attempts to increase physical activity, assuming that disengagement is the logical consequence of perceived futility. Participants (n = 138) of a longitudinal cohort study with three measurement waves were assigned to eight different groups according to a staging algorithm of their self-reported, one-year-long physical activity behavior track. Stages were validated by objective changes in objective fitness, e.g. Physical Working Capacity (PWC). Social cognitive variables, self-efficacy, proximal and distal OE and fulfillment of OE, were assessed via self-report. Discriminant analyses revealed that the OE fulfillment was the predominant predictor for differentiating between successful and unsuccessful behavior change. Amongst OE, proximal OE that concern emotional rewards together with action self-efficacy further improved discriminatory power. OE adjustment warranting hedonic rewards appears to be a crucial mechanism which facilitates long-term changes through interventions aiming to increase physical activity rates. Theoretical models might benefit by including the concept of fulfilled expectations acting in terms of feedback loops between volitional and motivational processes. ",
author = "Verena Klusmann and Lisa Musculus and Gudrun Sproesser and Britta Renner",
year = "2015",
doi = "doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01602",
language = "Deutsch",
journal = "Frontiers in psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fulfilled emotional outcome expectancies enable successful adoption and maintenance of physical activity.

AU - Klusmann, Verena

AU - Musculus, Lisa

AU - Sproesser, Gudrun

AU - Renner, Britta

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Although outcome expectancies are regarded as key determinants of health behavior change, studies on the role of their degree of fulfillment in long-term activity changes are lacking. This study investigated the impact of (un-)fulfilled outcome expectancies (OE) on (un-)successful attempts to increase physical activity, assuming that disengagement is the logical consequence of perceived futility. Participants (n = 138) of a longitudinal cohort study with three measurement waves were assigned to eight different groups according to a staging algorithm of their self-reported, one-year-long physical activity behavior track. Stages were validated by objective changes in objective fitness, e.g. Physical Working Capacity (PWC). Social cognitive variables, self-efficacy, proximal and distal OE and fulfillment of OE, were assessed via self-report. Discriminant analyses revealed that the OE fulfillment was the predominant predictor for differentiating between successful and unsuccessful behavior change. Amongst OE, proximal OE that concern emotional rewards together with action self-efficacy further improved discriminatory power. OE adjustment warranting hedonic rewards appears to be a crucial mechanism which facilitates long-term changes through interventions aiming to increase physical activity rates. Theoretical models might benefit by including the concept of fulfilled expectations acting in terms of feedback loops between volitional and motivational processes.

AB - Although outcome expectancies are regarded as key determinants of health behavior change, studies on the role of their degree of fulfillment in long-term activity changes are lacking. This study investigated the impact of (un-)fulfilled outcome expectancies (OE) on (un-)successful attempts to increase physical activity, assuming that disengagement is the logical consequence of perceived futility. Participants (n = 138) of a longitudinal cohort study with three measurement waves were assigned to eight different groups according to a staging algorithm of their self-reported, one-year-long physical activity behavior track. Stages were validated by objective changes in objective fitness, e.g. Physical Working Capacity (PWC). Social cognitive variables, self-efficacy, proximal and distal OE and fulfillment of OE, were assessed via self-report. Discriminant analyses revealed that the OE fulfillment was the predominant predictor for differentiating between successful and unsuccessful behavior change. Amongst OE, proximal OE that concern emotional rewards together with action self-efficacy further improved discriminatory power. OE adjustment warranting hedonic rewards appears to be a crucial mechanism which facilitates long-term changes through interventions aiming to increase physical activity rates. Theoretical models might benefit by including the concept of fulfilled expectations acting in terms of feedback loops between volitional and motivational processes.

U2 - doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01602

DO - doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01602

M3 - Zeitschriftenaufsätze

JO - Frontiers in psychology

JF - Frontiers in psychology

SN - 1664-1078

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 1077749