Impaired recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in depressed individuals

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Impaired recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in depressed individuals. / Hümmer, Katharina; Coenen, Jessica; Konstantinidis, Ippokratis Georgios; Lausberg, Hedda; Helmich, Ingo.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 302, 114031, 08.2021, p. 1-8.

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@article{b0d670fbdbd04afea62da0a715b7d769,
title = "Impaired recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in depressed individuals",
abstract = "Introduction: Depressive individuals are impaired in the recognition of emotions in others{\textquoteright}. Recent research suggests that the recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in other people may depend on the analysis of bodily rather than facial expressions. Therefore, we investigated if an impaired recognition of emotions by depressed individuals is body part specific. Methods: Clinically diagnosed depressed and healthy matched controls were instructed to identify nonverbal expressions of positive (happiness), neutral, and negative emotions (sadness) via the face, the body, or the body and face. Results: Depressed participants responded significantly less correctly overall when compared to non-depressed individuals. The recognition of nonverbal expressions of happiness by the body negatively predicted the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) score. Discussion: The data revealed that the impaired recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in others by depressed individuals is not body part specific. Nevertheless, depressive symptoms seem to be related to the recognition of bodily expressions of happiness. Future studies must address whether impairments of depressive individuals are related to nonverbal expressions of the whole body.",
keywords = "Emotion recognition, Depression, Nonverbal movement behaviour, Gesture, Facial expression",
author = "Katharina H{\"u}mmer and Jessica Coenen and Konstantinidis, {Ippokratis Georgios} and Hedda Lausberg and Ingo Helmich",
year = "2021",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114031",
language = "English",
volume = "302",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impaired recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in depressed individuals

AU - Hümmer, Katharina

AU - Coenen, Jessica

AU - Konstantinidis, Ippokratis Georgios

AU - Lausberg, Hedda

AU - Helmich, Ingo

PY - 2021/8

Y1 - 2021/8

N2 - Introduction: Depressive individuals are impaired in the recognition of emotions in others’. Recent research suggests that the recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in other people may depend on the analysis of bodily rather than facial expressions. Therefore, we investigated if an impaired recognition of emotions by depressed individuals is body part specific. Methods: Clinically diagnosed depressed and healthy matched controls were instructed to identify nonverbal expressions of positive (happiness), neutral, and negative emotions (sadness) via the face, the body, or the body and face. Results: Depressed participants responded significantly less correctly overall when compared to non-depressed individuals. The recognition of nonverbal expressions of happiness by the body negatively predicted the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) score. Discussion: The data revealed that the impaired recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in others by depressed individuals is not body part specific. Nevertheless, depressive symptoms seem to be related to the recognition of bodily expressions of happiness. Future studies must address whether impairments of depressive individuals are related to nonverbal expressions of the whole body.

AB - Introduction: Depressive individuals are impaired in the recognition of emotions in others’. Recent research suggests that the recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in other people may depend on the analysis of bodily rather than facial expressions. Therefore, we investigated if an impaired recognition of emotions by depressed individuals is body part specific. Methods: Clinically diagnosed depressed and healthy matched controls were instructed to identify nonverbal expressions of positive (happiness), neutral, and negative emotions (sadness) via the face, the body, or the body and face. Results: Depressed participants responded significantly less correctly overall when compared to non-depressed individuals. The recognition of nonverbal expressions of happiness by the body negatively predicted the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) score. Discussion: The data revealed that the impaired recognition of nonverbal expressions of emotions in others by depressed individuals is not body part specific. Nevertheless, depressive symptoms seem to be related to the recognition of bodily expressions of happiness. Future studies must address whether impairments of depressive individuals are related to nonverbal expressions of the whole body.

KW - Emotion recognition

KW - Depression

KW - Nonverbal movement behaviour

KW - Gesture

KW - Facial expression

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/3701b355-ceca-3479-a394-427891b6ccba/

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114031

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114031

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 302

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

M1 - 114031

ER -

ID: 6289872