Kohäsion in Freizeit und Gesundheitssport: Diagnostik und ausgewählte Anwendungsbereiche

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Regular and long-term physical activity is an effective strategy in the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of many chronic diseases. Almost every individual benefits from becoming physically active. Nevertheless, few adults are able to meet the minimum recommendations and stick to them over the long term. Therefore, it is of great importance to identify exercise programmes, their characteristics and strategies that can effectively promote and, above all, maintain physical activity in adults over the long term. Since exercise in health settings are to a large extent carried out in groups, the group should be considered as a possible source of motivation when explaining, predicting and influencing individual behaviour. The group variable cohesion seems to be of particular importance in this context. The aim of this dissertation was to investigate the group cohesion in the setting of physical activity. For the three research steps of this thesis the following key results can be recorded: (1) In research step one, a German-language measuring instrument for the recording of group cohesion in preventive and rehabilitative health sport was developed and validated. (2) In research step two, a further development of an instrument for recording group cohesion in competitive sports groups was presented, in line with the theory. (3) The third research step presented group cohesion as an influencing group variable in two application areas. First, two empirical studies showed that group cohesion in heart groups does not influence adherence per se. For new heart group participants, group cohesion does not seem to have a predictive value for adherence. However, for heart group members with a long duration of membership, group cohesion can predict adherence. Different identification processes can be held responsible for this. On the other hand, in the third research step practical measures for improving interpersonal stress management could be derived with the help of group cohesion. Future studies should on the one hand replicate the results of the cohesion-adherence relationship in other rehabilitation-oriented physical activity groups with different group characteristics. Furthermore, mechanisms of should be investigated to determine when and under which conditions group cohesion is important for adherence. The dynamics of group cohesion should be considered in these studies. On the other hand, based on the practical measures developed, studies should be conducted to empirically prove these theoretical assumptions.
Translated title of the contributionCohesion in the setting of Physical Activity : diagnostic and selected fields of application
Original languageGerman
Place of PublicationKöln
PublisherDeutsche Sporthochschule Köln
Number of pages66
Publication statusPublished - 10.2020

ID: 5462417

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