Movement-Specific Reinvestment in Older People Explains Past Falls and Predicts Future Error-Prone Movements

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Movement-Specific Reinvestment in Older People Explains Past Falls and Predicts Future Error-Prone Movements. / Musculus, Lisa; Kinrade, Noel P; Laborde, Sylvain; Gleißert, Melina; Streich, Miriam; Lobinger, Babett Helen.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 18, No. 10, 5129, 12.05.2021, p. 1-11.

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@article{cc59e1fd772646ec999b29d949c45080,
title = "Movement-Specific Reinvestment in Older People Explains Past Falls and Predicts Future Error-Prone Movements",
abstract = "The tendency to think about or consciously control automated movements (i.e., movement-specific reinvestment) is a crucial factor associated with falling in the elderly. We tested whether elderly people{\textquoteright}s movement-specific reinvestment depended on their past falling history and whether it can predict future error-prone movements. In a longitudinal pre-post design, we assessed n = 21 elderly people{\textquoteright}s (Mage = 84.38 years, SD = 5.68) falling history, movement-specific reinvestment (i.e., Movement-Specific Reinvestment Scale), and physical functioning (i.e., Short-Physical-Performance Battery). Following a baseline assessment, participants reported their movement behavior in a daily diary for 2 months, after which we assessed their movement-specific reinvestment and physical functioning again (longitudinal, pre-post design). Results revealed, first, that participants{\textquoteright} movement self-consciousness score was fairly stable, while their conscious-motor-processing score was less stable. Second, conscious motor processing was higher in participants who had fallen as opposed to those who had not fallen in the past. Third, conscious motor processing predicted error-prone future movement behavior reported in the daily diary. For identifying individuals who are more prone to fall, caregivers, rehabilitation staff, or doctors could apply the Movement-Specific Reinvestment Scale to screen elderly people{\textquoteright}s psychomotor behavior. Based on conscious motor processing, monitoring cognitions could be tailored in theory-based, individual interventions involving both cognitive and motor training.",
keywords = "ageing, cognition, fall prevention, longitudinal design, movement",
author = "Lisa Musculus and Kinrade, {Noel P} and Sylvain Laborde and Melina Glei{\ss}ert and Miriam Streich and Lobinger, {Babett Helen}",
year = "2021",
month = may,
day = "12",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph18105129",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1660-4601",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Movement-Specific Reinvestment in Older People Explains Past Falls and Predicts Future Error-Prone Movements

AU - Musculus, Lisa

AU - Kinrade, Noel P

AU - Laborde, Sylvain

AU - Gleißert, Melina

AU - Streich, Miriam

AU - Lobinger, Babett Helen

PY - 2021/5/12

Y1 - 2021/5/12

N2 - The tendency to think about or consciously control automated movements (i.e., movement-specific reinvestment) is a crucial factor associated with falling in the elderly. We tested whether elderly people’s movement-specific reinvestment depended on their past falling history and whether it can predict future error-prone movements. In a longitudinal pre-post design, we assessed n = 21 elderly people’s (Mage = 84.38 years, SD = 5.68) falling history, movement-specific reinvestment (i.e., Movement-Specific Reinvestment Scale), and physical functioning (i.e., Short-Physical-Performance Battery). Following a baseline assessment, participants reported their movement behavior in a daily diary for 2 months, after which we assessed their movement-specific reinvestment and physical functioning again (longitudinal, pre-post design). Results revealed, first, that participants’ movement self-consciousness score was fairly stable, while their conscious-motor-processing score was less stable. Second, conscious motor processing was higher in participants who had fallen as opposed to those who had not fallen in the past. Third, conscious motor processing predicted error-prone future movement behavior reported in the daily diary. For identifying individuals who are more prone to fall, caregivers, rehabilitation staff, or doctors could apply the Movement-Specific Reinvestment Scale to screen elderly people’s psychomotor behavior. Based on conscious motor processing, monitoring cognitions could be tailored in theory-based, individual interventions involving both cognitive and motor training.

AB - The tendency to think about or consciously control automated movements (i.e., movement-specific reinvestment) is a crucial factor associated with falling in the elderly. We tested whether elderly people’s movement-specific reinvestment depended on their past falling history and whether it can predict future error-prone movements. In a longitudinal pre-post design, we assessed n = 21 elderly people’s (Mage = 84.38 years, SD = 5.68) falling history, movement-specific reinvestment (i.e., Movement-Specific Reinvestment Scale), and physical functioning (i.e., Short-Physical-Performance Battery). Following a baseline assessment, participants reported their movement behavior in a daily diary for 2 months, after which we assessed their movement-specific reinvestment and physical functioning again (longitudinal, pre-post design). Results revealed, first, that participants’ movement self-consciousness score was fairly stable, while their conscious-motor-processing score was less stable. Second, conscious motor processing was higher in participants who had fallen as opposed to those who had not fallen in the past. Third, conscious motor processing predicted error-prone future movement behavior reported in the daily diary. For identifying individuals who are more prone to fall, caregivers, rehabilitation staff, or doctors could apply the Movement-Specific Reinvestment Scale to screen elderly people’s psychomotor behavior. Based on conscious motor processing, monitoring cognitions could be tailored in theory-based, individual interventions involving both cognitive and motor training.

KW - ageing

KW - cognition

KW - fall prevention

KW - longitudinal design

KW - movement

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/7b556fa1-00ab-3a83-95b3-ce4eff9de0b9/

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph18105129

DO - 10.3390/ijerph18105129

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 34066063

VL - 18

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1660-4601

IS - 10

M1 - 5129

ER -

ID: 5996881