Person-Gruppe Passung und prototypische Merkmalen in Fußballmannschaften

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Literature describes symmetric and complementary fit between a person and a group predominantly on individual-oriented content dimensions (e.g. norms, values, skills). Group-oriented, thus prototypical contents that describe the group are neglected. Aim of the present study is to describe symmetric and complementary fit based on prototypical attributes, and to analyse the relevance of fit for several outcome variables. For the three research steps of this study, the following core results can be subsumed: (1) In research step 1 four categories with three subcategories each have been identified, in which prototypical attributes mentioned by female and male football players can be assigned. (2) In research step 2 prototypical subcategories have been identified, which are mentioned frequently and homogeneous by team members. The homogeneity of specific subcategories (e.g. cohesiveness, emotional attributes, motivational attributes) is initially able to describe similarity, thus symmetric fit in teams. (3) In research step 3 it has been demonstrated that the identified prototypical subcategories are not only able to describe symmetry, but even complementarity. In detail, the results reveal that symmetric fit shows a stronger correlation with the overall perceived fit, than complementary fit does. In addition, a direct relation between complementary fit and an individual’s ability to perform has been demonstrated. Based on these results it can be assumed, that group-oriented contents are able to describe fit within teams. At the same time it can be assumed that complementary fit is an important factor, which satisfies the need for distinctiveness (“I am important…”) and belongingness (“…for my team.”). Future research should replicate and transfer the results of this study into other contexts and situations, and should investigate which antecedents influence the development of symmetric and complementary fit.
Translated title of the contributionPerson-group fit and prototypical attributes in soccer teams
Original languageGerman
Place of PublicationKöln
PublisherDeutsche Sporthochschule Köln
Number of pages259
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ID: 707544

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