Post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a first comprehensive approach to determine cognitive impairments after treatment with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone or rituximab and bendamustine

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To assess the effects of chemoimmunotherapy on post-chemotherapy cognitive impairments (PCCI) in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), we used objective and subjective measures of cognitive functions in combination with serum parameters and neuroelectric recordings. Self-perceived status of cognition, fatigue and emotional functioning were reduced in patients (n = 30) compared to healthy controls (n = 10). Cognitive performance was impaired in patients with NHL compared to controls and a norm sample (n = 1179). PCCI was more severe in patients treated with rituximab and bendamustine (BR) than in patients who received R in combination with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) polychemotherapy (R-CHOP). Individual alpha peak frequency and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in patients with NHL correlated with accuracy in the objective cognition test. Higher serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations were associated with higher fatigue levels. Patients with NHL and especially those who were treated with BR were affected by PCCI. BDNF and IL-6 might be involved in the pathogenesis of PCCI and fatigue.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLeukemia & lymphoma
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 05.06.2014

ID: 64670

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