Salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations after two different resistance training exercises

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Salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations after two different resistance training exercises. / Geisler, Stephan; Aussieker, Thorben; Paldauf, Sven; Scholz, Söhnke; Kurz, Markus; Jungs, Sebastian; Rissmeyer, Matthias; Achtzehn, Silvia; Zinner, Christoph.

In: The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, Vol. 59, No. 6, 06.2019, p. 1030-1035.

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@article{76abd5a2b3554a44ad6e509940fe7ba8,
title = "Salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations after two different resistance training exercises",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the acute hormonal responses of salivary testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) concentrations during and after two different resistance exercises involving the lower and the upper body, respectively.METHODS: For this reason, 13 healthy recreationally trained male athletes performed an identical strength protocol (5x10 reps, with ~75% of 1 RM) with the exercises bench press and back-squat in a cross-over design. Saliva samples were taken at baseline (t0), mid training (t1), immediately after (t2), 15 (t3) and 45 minutes after the training (t4). Samples were analyzed for T and C, and the T/C ratio was calculated.RESULTS: T concentrations increased significantly from t0 to t2, t3 and t4 and also at t3 and t4 for C in the back-squat protocol (P<0.05). There were no significant changes for T and C in the bench press protocol (P<0.05). The T/C ratio remained constant for the bench press protocol. The T/C ratio increased in the squat protocol at t2 and decreased at t3 and t4.CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that back-squat exercise can change the hormonal state of the body after an intense resistance training workout, while an exercise with a lower amount of muscle mass (i.e. bench press) has almost no influence on T and C.",
keywords = "Adult, Athletes, Cross-Over Studies, Humans, Hydrocortisone/analysis, Male, Resistance Training, Saliva/chemistry, Testosterone/analysis, Young Adult",
author = "Stephan Geisler and Thorben Aussieker and Sven Paldauf and S{\"o}hnke Scholz and Markus Kurz and Sebastian Jungs and Matthias Rissmeyer and Silvia Achtzehn and Christoph Zinner",
year = "2019",
month = jun,
doi = "10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08786-8",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "1030--1035",
journal = "The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness",
issn = "0022-4707",
publisher = "Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A.",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations after two different resistance training exercises

AU - Geisler, Stephan

AU - Aussieker, Thorben

AU - Paldauf, Sven

AU - Scholz, Söhnke

AU - Kurz, Markus

AU - Jungs, Sebastian

AU - Rissmeyer, Matthias

AU - Achtzehn, Silvia

AU - Zinner, Christoph

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the acute hormonal responses of salivary testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) concentrations during and after two different resistance exercises involving the lower and the upper body, respectively.METHODS: For this reason, 13 healthy recreationally trained male athletes performed an identical strength protocol (5x10 reps, with ~75% of 1 RM) with the exercises bench press and back-squat in a cross-over design. Saliva samples were taken at baseline (t0), mid training (t1), immediately after (t2), 15 (t3) and 45 minutes after the training (t4). Samples were analyzed for T and C, and the T/C ratio was calculated.RESULTS: T concentrations increased significantly from t0 to t2, t3 and t4 and also at t3 and t4 for C in the back-squat protocol (P<0.05). There were no significant changes for T and C in the bench press protocol (P<0.05). The T/C ratio remained constant for the bench press protocol. The T/C ratio increased in the squat protocol at t2 and decreased at t3 and t4.CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that back-squat exercise can change the hormonal state of the body after an intense resistance training workout, while an exercise with a lower amount of muscle mass (i.e. bench press) has almost no influence on T and C.

AB - BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the acute hormonal responses of salivary testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) concentrations during and after two different resistance exercises involving the lower and the upper body, respectively.METHODS: For this reason, 13 healthy recreationally trained male athletes performed an identical strength protocol (5x10 reps, with ~75% of 1 RM) with the exercises bench press and back-squat in a cross-over design. Saliva samples were taken at baseline (t0), mid training (t1), immediately after (t2), 15 (t3) and 45 minutes after the training (t4). Samples were analyzed for T and C, and the T/C ratio was calculated.RESULTS: T concentrations increased significantly from t0 to t2, t3 and t4 and also at t3 and t4 for C in the back-squat protocol (P<0.05). There were no significant changes for T and C in the bench press protocol (P<0.05). The T/C ratio remained constant for the bench press protocol. The T/C ratio increased in the squat protocol at t2 and decreased at t3 and t4.CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that back-squat exercise can change the hormonal state of the body after an intense resistance training workout, while an exercise with a lower amount of muscle mass (i.e. bench press) has almost no influence on T and C.

KW - Adult

KW - Athletes

KW - Cross-Over Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Hydrocortisone/analysis

KW - Male

KW - Resistance Training

KW - Saliva/chemistry

KW - Testosterone/analysis

KW - Young Adult

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/85004e75-64a2-3f0d-85dc-4f6d043b4d46/

U2 - 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08786-8

DO - 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08786-8

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 31204454

VL - 59

SP - 1030

EP - 1035

JO - The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness

JF - The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness

SN - 0022-4707

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 5104109