Stress in Physical Education Teachers: A Systematic Review of Sources, Consequences and Moderators of Stress

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Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify sources of stress, consequences ofchronic stress and moderators of stress in physical education teachers and to formulate implica-tions for future research and teacher education.Methods: The initial search identified 2483publications, including 47 that met the inclusion criteria.Results: The most important sourcesof stress in physical education teachers were the curriculum, inadequate facilities/equipment, thelow status of PE and students ́ discipline problems. Regarding the consequences of chronic stress,the majority of studies assessed burnout and reported low to moderate levels of burnout ingeneral. However, of the studies that reported percentages, 20–25% of physical educationteachers indicated high levels of burnout.Conclusions: Regarding the relationship betweensources of stress and consequences of chronic stress in physical education teachers, future studiesshould (a) take into account the whole stress process (b) use more adequate measures for stressand (c) address potential moderators of stress. In terms of practical implications, PE teachersshould receive an adequate pre- and in-service training that aims at being aware of the mainsources of stress in PE teachers and building up adequate coping strategies. In addition, PEteacher education should consider interventions to prevent health consequences of stress such asvoice disorders.
Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Number of pages19
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Publication statusPublished - 14.11.2019

ID: 3166798

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