Symmetric and Complementary Fit Based on Prototypical Attributes of Soccer Teams

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Research suggests that symmetry and complementarity are able to predict fit between an individual and a group. To date, fit has been described using knowledge, abilities, skills, values, personality, and the congruence between needs and their satisfaction. The aim of this study was to describe and analyze person-group fit based on the symmetric and complementary fit of prototypical attributes. Furthermore, we analyzed the mediating effects between symmetric and complementary fit as independent variables and the ability to perform, and well-being as dependent variables. The sample consisted of N = 20 soccer teams with a total of N = 294 athletes (age M = 23.6 years, SD = 4.4). Results demonstrated that symmetric and complementary fit are two distinct though correlated constructs. Moreover, identification is able to mediate the relation between symmetric fit and well-being as well as the relation between symmetric fit and an individual’s ability to perform.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)557-572
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 10.12.2014

ID: 328046


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