The Effect of Prolonged Exercise on Brain Activity Mood an Effort

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution - Published abstract for conference with selection processResearchpeer-review

Standard

The Effect of Prolonged Exercise on Brain Activity Mood an Effort. / Wollseiffen, Petra; Solomon, Collin; Martin, Lisa A.; Kerherve, Hugo A.; Klein, Timo; Schneider, Stefan.

European Database of Sport Science EDSS: 20th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 24th-27th June, Malmö, Sweden. ed. / Aage Radmann; Susanna Hedenborg; Elias K. Tsolakidis. 2015. p. 211.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution - Published abstract for conference with selection processResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Wollseiffen, P, Solomon, C, Martin, LA, Kerherve, HA, Klein, T & Schneider, S 2015, The Effect of Prolonged Exercise on Brain Activity Mood an Effort. in A Radmann, S Hedenborg & EK Tsolakidis (eds), European Database of Sport Science EDSS: 20th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 24th-27th June, Malmö, Sweden. pp. 211, annual congress of the European College of Sport Science Sustainable Sport, Malmö, Sweden, 24.06.15.

APA

Wollseiffen, P., Solomon, C., Martin, L. A., Kerherve, H. A., Klein, T., & Schneider, S. (2015). The Effect of Prolonged Exercise on Brain Activity Mood an Effort. In A. Radmann, S. Hedenborg, & E. K. Tsolakidis (Eds.), European Database of Sport Science EDSS: 20th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 24th-27th June, Malmö, Sweden (pp. 211)

Vancouver

Wollseiffen P, Solomon C, Martin LA, Kerherve HA, Klein T, Schneider S. The Effect of Prolonged Exercise on Brain Activity Mood an Effort. In Radmann A, Hedenborg S, Tsolakidis EK, editors, European Database of Sport Science EDSS: 20th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 24th-27th June, Malmö, Sweden. 2015. p. 211

Bibtex

@inbook{d288eb00a8eb4257924112d579937c3b,
title = "The Effect of Prolonged Exercise on Brain Activity Mood an Effort",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION Long duration exercise has been linked with the psychological model of Flow. Flow describes a mental state, during which a person is fully immersed in the process of an action. It is expected that the Flow experience is going along with specific changes in cortical activity, especially a transient hypofrontality which has recently been connected with an increase in cognitive performance post exercise. Nevertheless data on neuro-affective and neuro-cognitive effects during prolonged exercise are rare.METHODS Within this study cognitive performance as well as mental state, flow experience and brain cortical activity were assessed several times before, during and after a six hour run in eleven ultra marathon runners (six female, five male). RESULTS Results indicate a decrease of cortical activity (beta-activity) in the frontal cortex, whereas no changes could be obtained for global beta, nor frontal or global alpha-activity. Perceived physical relaxation and flow state increased significantly after one hour of running but decreased during the following five hours state. Perceived physical state and motivational state remained stable during the first hour of running but then decreased significantly. Cognitive performance as well as underlying neurophysiological events (recorded as event related potentials) remained stable across the six hours run. Except the fact that women reported significant higher levels of Flow no further gender effects were noticeable.DISCUSSION Following the theory of a transient hypofrontality, a clear and significant decrease in frontal cortex activity was noticeable. Interestingly this had no effect on cognitive performance. The fact that self reported Flow experience increased just during the first hour of running followed by a dramatic decrease let us assume that changes in cortical activity and the experience of flow are not linked as previously supposed. ",
author = "Petra Wollseiffen and Collin Solomon and Martin, {Lisa A.} and Kerherve, {Hugo A.} and Timo Klein and Stefan Schneider",
year = "2015",
month = jun,
day = "26",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-91-7104-567-6",
pages = "211",
editor = "Aage Radmann and Susanna Hedenborg and Tsolakidis, {Elias K.}",
booktitle = "European Database of Sport Science EDSS",
note = "annual congress of the European College of Sport Science Sustainable Sport ; Conference date: 24-06-2015 Through 27-06-2015",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - The Effect of Prolonged Exercise on Brain Activity Mood an Effort

AU - Wollseiffen, Petra

AU - Solomon, Collin

AU - Martin, Lisa A.

AU - Kerherve, Hugo A.

AU - Klein, Timo

AU - Schneider, Stefan

N1 - Conference code: 20

PY - 2015/6/26

Y1 - 2015/6/26

N2 - INTRODUCTION Long duration exercise has been linked with the psychological model of Flow. Flow describes a mental state, during which a person is fully immersed in the process of an action. It is expected that the Flow experience is going along with specific changes in cortical activity, especially a transient hypofrontality which has recently been connected with an increase in cognitive performance post exercise. Nevertheless data on neuro-affective and neuro-cognitive effects during prolonged exercise are rare.METHODS Within this study cognitive performance as well as mental state, flow experience and brain cortical activity were assessed several times before, during and after a six hour run in eleven ultra marathon runners (six female, five male). RESULTS Results indicate a decrease of cortical activity (beta-activity) in the frontal cortex, whereas no changes could be obtained for global beta, nor frontal or global alpha-activity. Perceived physical relaxation and flow state increased significantly after one hour of running but decreased during the following five hours state. Perceived physical state and motivational state remained stable during the first hour of running but then decreased significantly. Cognitive performance as well as underlying neurophysiological events (recorded as event related potentials) remained stable across the six hours run. Except the fact that women reported significant higher levels of Flow no further gender effects were noticeable.DISCUSSION Following the theory of a transient hypofrontality, a clear and significant decrease in frontal cortex activity was noticeable. Interestingly this had no effect on cognitive performance. The fact that self reported Flow experience increased just during the first hour of running followed by a dramatic decrease let us assume that changes in cortical activity and the experience of flow are not linked as previously supposed.

AB - INTRODUCTION Long duration exercise has been linked with the psychological model of Flow. Flow describes a mental state, during which a person is fully immersed in the process of an action. It is expected that the Flow experience is going along with specific changes in cortical activity, especially a transient hypofrontality which has recently been connected with an increase in cognitive performance post exercise. Nevertheless data on neuro-affective and neuro-cognitive effects during prolonged exercise are rare.METHODS Within this study cognitive performance as well as mental state, flow experience and brain cortical activity were assessed several times before, during and after a six hour run in eleven ultra marathon runners (six female, five male). RESULTS Results indicate a decrease of cortical activity (beta-activity) in the frontal cortex, whereas no changes could be obtained for global beta, nor frontal or global alpha-activity. Perceived physical relaxation and flow state increased significantly after one hour of running but decreased during the following five hours state. Perceived physical state and motivational state remained stable during the first hour of running but then decreased significantly. Cognitive performance as well as underlying neurophysiological events (recorded as event related potentials) remained stable across the six hours run. Except the fact that women reported significant higher levels of Flow no further gender effects were noticeable.DISCUSSION Following the theory of a transient hypofrontality, a clear and significant decrease in frontal cortex activity was noticeable. Interestingly this had no effect on cognitive performance. The fact that self reported Flow experience increased just during the first hour of running followed by a dramatic decrease let us assume that changes in cortical activity and the experience of flow are not linked as previously supposed.

M3 - Conference contribution - Published abstract for conference with selection process

SN - 978-91-7104-567-6

SP - 211

BT - European Database of Sport Science EDSS

A2 - Radmann, Aage

A2 - Hedenborg, Susanna

A2 - Tsolakidis, Elias K.

T2 - annual congress of the European College of Sport Science Sustainable Sport

Y2 - 24 June 2015 through 27 June 2015

ER -

ID: 1885731