The Effects of Exercise on Brain Cortical Activity and Academic Achievement in School

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Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the influence of a class of aerobic exercise and an art class on brain cortical activity and possible effects on cognitive performance. Subject and Methods: Electroencephalography was used to record the electrocortical activity of 16 schoolchildren (8–10 years old) before and after an aerobic exercise class and an art class. Performance in a standardized test of educational attainment (VERA-3) was assessed following both classes. Results: A significant decrease in cortical activity was detected in all 4 lobes after exercise but not after art classes ( p < 0.05). No changes in cognitive performance were observed after exercise and art classes. Conclusion: Data presented here show a clear effect of exercise on brain cortical activity, similar to the theory of a transient hypofrontality that has been introduced by Arne Dietrich. Nevertheless, there is no direct effect on cognitive performance. Hence, the neurophysiological effect of exercise should be further evaluated regarding different kinds of cognitive performance: creativity, knowledge acquisition as well as the outlasting effects of exercise on academic achievement.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume405
Issue numberSupplement
Pages (from-to)31
Number of pages1
ISSN0022-510X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15.10.2019
EventWorld Congress of Neurology: Acclerating the Pace of Change - Dubai World Trade Centre, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Duration: 27.10.201931.10.2019
Conference number: 24
https://2019.wcn-neurology.com/congress-information/general-information#.Xa3PSSUaTOQ

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