The porous high-press? An experimental approach investigating tactical behaviours from two pressing strategies in football

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@article{da0ca049ecfc46e49ef2e0993e4f17f3,
title = "The porous high-press?: An experimental approach investigating tactical behaviours from two pressing strategies in football",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to analyse footballers{\textquoteright} tactical behaviours from their position data, as an effect of two contrasting pressing strategies, high-press defending and deep-defending, using a trial-based experimental approach. Sixty-nine youth footballers participated in this 11 versus 11 study, performing 72 trials of attack versus defence, in a counterbalanced crossover study design. Players{\textquoteright} position data were captured using a local positioning system, and processed to calculate measures of inter-team distance, trial duration, distance to nearest opponent, dispersion, team length, team width, team shape, space control gain, inter-line distance, and individual area. This was augmented by the notational analyses of passes. The findings showed that using a high-press defending strategy leads to: closer inter-team distance; larger dispersion, due to a longer team length; and larger inter-line distances between defenders, midfielders, and forwards. The resulting effects on the attacking team include reduced ball possession time; larger individual areas for attacking midfielders and forwards; longer team length; and more penetrative passes performed. Some differences in marking behaviour were also observed. Consequently, the study recommends that high-press defending be used sparingly due to these trade-offs.",
keywords = "Tactical behaviour, collective movement behaviour, defending, soccer, tactical analysis",
author = "Benedict Low and Robert Rein and Dominik Raabe and Sebastian Schwab and Daniel Memmert",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1080/02640414.2021.1925424",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "2199--2210",
journal = "Journal of Sports Sciences",
issn = "0264-0414",
number = "19",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The porous high-press?

T2 - An experimental approach investigating tactical behaviours from two pressing strategies in football

AU - Low, Benedict

AU - Rein, Robert

AU - Raabe, Dominik

AU - Schwab, Sebastian

AU - Memmert, Daniel

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - The aim of this study was to analyse footballers’ tactical behaviours from their position data, as an effect of two contrasting pressing strategies, high-press defending and deep-defending, using a trial-based experimental approach. Sixty-nine youth footballers participated in this 11 versus 11 study, performing 72 trials of attack versus defence, in a counterbalanced crossover study design. Players’ position data were captured using a local positioning system, and processed to calculate measures of inter-team distance, trial duration, distance to nearest opponent, dispersion, team length, team width, team shape, space control gain, inter-line distance, and individual area. This was augmented by the notational analyses of passes. The findings showed that using a high-press defending strategy leads to: closer inter-team distance; larger dispersion, due to a longer team length; and larger inter-line distances between defenders, midfielders, and forwards. The resulting effects on the attacking team include reduced ball possession time; larger individual areas for attacking midfielders and forwards; longer team length; and more penetrative passes performed. Some differences in marking behaviour were also observed. Consequently, the study recommends that high-press defending be used sparingly due to these trade-offs.

AB - The aim of this study was to analyse footballers’ tactical behaviours from their position data, as an effect of two contrasting pressing strategies, high-press defending and deep-defending, using a trial-based experimental approach. Sixty-nine youth footballers participated in this 11 versus 11 study, performing 72 trials of attack versus defence, in a counterbalanced crossover study design. Players’ position data were captured using a local positioning system, and processed to calculate measures of inter-team distance, trial duration, distance to nearest opponent, dispersion, team length, team width, team shape, space control gain, inter-line distance, and individual area. This was augmented by the notational analyses of passes. The findings showed that using a high-press defending strategy leads to: closer inter-team distance; larger dispersion, due to a longer team length; and larger inter-line distances between defenders, midfielders, and forwards. The resulting effects on the attacking team include reduced ball possession time; larger individual areas for attacking midfielders and forwards; longer team length; and more penetrative passes performed. Some differences in marking behaviour were also observed. Consequently, the study recommends that high-press defending be used sparingly due to these trade-offs.

KW - Tactical behaviour

KW - collective movement behaviour

KW - defending

KW - soccer

KW - tactical analysis

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/e12c2756-556c-3a68-9207-ee496245d0af/

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2021.1925424

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2021.1925424

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 39

SP - 2199

EP - 2210

JO - Journal of Sports Sciences

JF - Journal of Sports Sciences

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 19

ER -

ID: 6075035