Time-series analysis of heart rate and blood pressure in response to changes in work rate before and after 60 days of 6 degrees head down tilt bed rest

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Purpose: Cardiovascular regulation during exercise, described using time series analysis, is expected to be attenuated after bed rest (BR) and this effect will be dampened by a reactive jumps countermeasure. Methods: Twenty subjects (29 ± 6 years, 23.6 ± 1.7 kg m−2) were tested on a cycle ergometer 9 days (BDC-9) before the beginning of BR as well as 2 (R + 2) and 13 days (R + 13) after the end of BR, applying moderate pseudo-random binary (PRBS) work rate changes. Heart rate (HR) and mean arterial blood pressure (mBP) were measured beat-to-beat and interpolated to 1 s intervals. HR and mBP were cross-correlated [CCF(HR-mBP)] during the PRBS. Eleven subjects participated in a reactive jump countermeasure (JUMP) during the BR period, the other part of the group served as control group (CTRL). Results: In the CTRL group, significantly lower CCF(HR-mBP) values during BDC-9 were observed compared to R + 2 during the lags 20–25 s and significantly higher values during the lags − 39 s to − 35 s. In the JUMP group, significantly lower CCFs were only observed at R + 2 compared with BDC-9 during the lags 23 s and 24 s, whereas the CCFs for BDC-9 were significantly higher at several lags compared with R + 13. Conclusion: Attenuations in the regulation of the cardiovascular system during cycling exercise after BR were found in the CTRL group of the RSL study. Cardiovascular regulation in the JUMP group was improved compared to values before the beginning of BR, suggesting the effectiveness of the reactive jumps countermeasure to mitigate the deleterious effects of prolonged BR.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean journal of applied physiology
Volume121
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1037-1048
Number of pages12
ISSN1439-6319
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29.12.2020

ID: 6127244

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