Why feeling competent matters: Associations between satisfaction of basic psychological needs of students and selfefficacy in secondary school physical education

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Physical education is an important setting for the promotion of personal resources of children and adolescents. One of the main personal resources in education in general and physical education in particular is self-efficacy. The current study investigated the association between physical education-related self-efficacy and basic psychological need satisfaction according to Self-Determination Theory in adolescent students. A total of 708 students from grades nine to eleven were surveyed using questionnaires. The results of a linear regression analysis indicated that there is a relationship between the need for competence satisfaction and physical education-related self-efficacy (R2corr = 0.29, p < 0.001, f2 = 0.40), while the need for autonomy and the need for relatedness were not related to self-efficacy. One possible interpretation is that the feeling of being competent in physical education enables the development of positive self-efficacy. As practical implications, the implementation of assessment systems in physical education is recommended, focusing on students’ individual performance to positively influence competence satisfaction and, subsequently, self-efficacy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGerman Journal of Exercise and Sport Research
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 09.2021

ID: 6069794

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